Thursday, 30 June 2016

10 Day Deadline ?


DNA ( 30 June ) reports :

In a meeting to review PRAGATI ( Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation ) , Prime Minister Shri Modi , pulled up officials for the large volume of complaints related to the e-commerce sector and asked for taking steps to decisively address issues and an effective follow-up action within next 10 days


There is no doubt , the concerned officers will , in turn , pull-up those e-com companies , all of which are in private sector

Are we barking up the wrong tree ?

If they fail to quickly resolve customer complaints , managers of those private sector firms stand to lose their jobs when their bosses discover that such non-redressal means losing sales and market-share


But citizen's complaints to Government officers are perhaps , a thousand times more !


And when these go un-attended , no one knows and no Government officer need fear losing his job !

But , on the other hand , if they perform and deliver , no citizen will grudge that Rs 1 lakh*crore annual burden that 7th Pay Commission recommendation will impose on the treasury

Whether we like it or not , nothing motivates a person to perform , as much as the " FEAR INCENTIVE " - which is sadly missing in the Government Sector !

The only way this terrible situation can get corrected is to implement following Mobile App ( I SIN > < U SIN ) , repeatedly sent by me to NDA ministers , over past 2 years

What is more , there will be no need to fill-up those 2 lakh planned vacancies in various government departments , over the next 2 years !

Allow me to " prophesize " :

There will be no need to even fill up vacancies arising out of resignations / retirements / terminations / deaths etc , during next 2 years  !

Expect current govt employee strength to shrink from 32 lakhs to 30 lakhs by Dec 2018 !

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Sunday, 18 August 2013 ( Blog date )


I   SIN  >  <  U  SIN


That could be the name of an android app ( I Seek It Now > < U Solve It Now )


To be developed by India’s Central Home Ministry for successful implementation of proposed,


“ Delivery  of  Services  Act “


The app will come pre-installed on those mobile phones which Government of India plans to distribute FREE , to some 400 million “ Poor People “ of India , before the 2014 National Election ( and on those 220 million Aakash Tablets )


Issuer will enter the Mobile No and that person’s Aadhar Card No, in a computerized central database , before issuing the phone


Hence , no need to login to the App , whose screen will read,


I WISH  TO  SEND  MY  COMPLAINT  TO  THE  FOLLOWING  DEPARTMENT  :


·                  National Commission for Women

·                  Garbage Clearance

·                  Water Supply

·                  Electricity Supply

·                  Roads Repair

·                  Rationing ( Food Distribution )

·                  Police

·                  Bus Transport

·                  Railways

·                  Post

·                  Employment

·                  Education

·                  Irrigation

·                  Building Permits

·                  Revenue / Land Records

·                  Anti Corruption

·                  Other ……………………………………….etc
·                   
(List should not exceed 50)


Touching name of any department name will open a SMS message box where the user will type out his complaint ( in a language of his choice )


There will be option to speak-out and record voice message , for illiterate users


Touching SEND button will transmit the complaint and within minutes, user will receive SMS reply , giving,

·                  Name of Officer responsible

·                  Office Landline No

·                  Mobile No

·                  Email Id

·                  Complaint No

·                  Expected date of solving

Bingo !


Then publish online , a tabulation of departments , arranged in the descending order of the no of complaints received / cleared / pending!


This frugal innovation will bring in Good Governance all over India


Request Nandan Nilekani / Sam Pitroda to help out , even though they may be busy implementing my earlier suggested app , 

“ VotesApp “


I have no doubt that the political party which promises , “ I SIN >< U SIN “ ,  will get voted to power in 2014


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01  July  2016

www.hemenparekh.in / blogs



Wednesday, 29 June 2016

Saving 1.2 million Kids


Monday / 27 June :

Shri Amitabh Kant , CEO -NITI Aayog , holds a consultation meeting with experts , Ministries and State departments on ,

" National Nutrition Policy  / India's Malnutrition : A Call for Action "

Tuesday / 28 June :

UNICEF releases a report which says, in India , 1.2 million kids ( under age 5 ) died in 2015 , due to " preventable " causes

Even though the eventual manifestation could well be pneumonia / diarrhea / sepsis etc , the root cause is starvation ( - although , to remain politically correct , UNICEF uses the term " malnutrition " ! )

That is 3288 kids daily - 137 kids per hour !

This need not come as a shock , despite the fact that the Integrated Child Development Scheme - ICDS - was launched in India , as far back as 1975

In 2013 , a CAG report had criticized the Women and Child Development Ministry ( which is piloting the ICDS ), for diverting ICDS funds !

CAG further pointed out that the State Governments had diverted Rs 57.82 crore from ICDS to other activities !

Finding faults will not save these kids !

There are 74 millions of them in the age group of 3-6

Of these , 54 million go to schools , where , I presume they get some nutrition thru Mid-Day meals , even with all the associated deficiencies and corruption scandals !

That leaves 20 million who do not go to school , hopelessly malnourished

How can we ensure that they get some nutritious food everyday ?

If there is a will , there is a way - the following way :

#  FOOD

    India's own " Energy Bar "  ( a Chikki ) , made of a protein-rich mixture of Peanuts + Jagerry ( 50 gms )

    Call it NEUTRA-KID ( - may be our Food Research Institute can come up with a better product )



#  PACKING

    Eco friendly paper wrapper and paper boxes



#  MANUFACTURERS

    FSSAI approved units located in Food Parks planned by Smt Harsimrat Kaur , Minister for Food

    1000 Food Processing Units , each producing 20,000 NEUTRA-KID bars per day and delivering to 100 nearby
    post offices ( for 20 million kids )



#  DELIVERY POINTS

    1.45 lakh post offices of India Post . May be they can pick-up / collect their daily consignments from Units



#  TECHNOLOGY

     *  Each NEUTRA-KID bar wrapper will have a bar-code ( till such time inserting RFID sensors become a reality )

     *  Bar code will carry all normal instructions + Delivery Destination ( Post Office )

     *  Each NEUTRA-KID bar will pass thru a Bar Code Reader on the Assembly Line , before dispatch

     *  Info collected thru this reader will get transmitted to the Central Server of concerned Ministries

     *  After taking his / her weight and entering in a online Database , hosted on the Central Server of
         the concerned Ministries, each targeted child will get registered at the nearest Post Office

     *  Each registered child will be issued a blue tooth enabled Smart phone, duly pre-installed with a Mobile App
        called " BANMALI " ( Banish Malnutrition in India ) , in which Child's data / Aadhar No will be entered

     *  Every day , the concerned child ( and parent ) will visit the post office to collect the NEUTRA-KID bar

     *  Before handing over bar, child will be weighed on a weighing machine and the weight entered in BANMALI

         The weight record graph will appear on the screen of the PC located at the Post Office ( Blue Tooth )

     *  This record will also get transmitted ( of course , automatically ) to the COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTRE where
         the concerned child is " registered " ( this will be compulsory in order to be eligible for this Scheme )

     *  Every time , a child is taken for his/her monthly HEALTH CHECK UP ( also compulsory in order to receive
        next month's NEUTRA-KID bars ) , concerned doctor will examine the child and enter his findings in BANMALI

        Doctor will be required to enter medicines prescribed as also , increase / decrease in the QUOTA of NEUTRA-
        KID bars recommended for the next month


       All of these data will get relayed to the Central Servers of the concerned Ministries


As to the roles to be played by various agencies involved , I conceptualize as follows :


WOMEN  and  CHILD  DEVELOPMENT  MINISTRY :

#  Preparation of overall Policy and Procedures

#  Laying down of targets for each agency

#  Preparing and Monitoring Project Implementation

#  Making available funds to various agencies ( Rs 5 per bar = Rs 10 cr per day for 20 million kids )

#  Creating / hosting IT Infrastructure and disbursement of hardware / software / weighing scales / phones etc

#  Publishing on its web site , " Targets Vs Actual Achievement " graphs , every quarter


FOOD  MINISTRY

#  Laying down Nutrition Specifications for NEUTRA-KID bars

#  Selecting / approving Food Processing Units

#  Place purchase orders using Auction process / making payments thru UPI ( Universal Payment Interface )

#  Ensuring timely delivery to 1.45 lakh post offices

#  Ensuring Quality through SGS


POST OFFICES

#  After thorough scrutiny / verification , to register under-nourished kids . Central Database will ensure that
    there is no duplication ( same child registering at more than one post office )

#  Receive / Store / Distribute the NEUTRA-KID bars to registered kids , as per direction of doctor at Community
    Health Centre

#  Enter all data in BANMALI mobile app of each child and sync it with post office server , connected to Central
    Servers

#  At the end of the day , enter DAILY TRANSACTION DATA ( Receipts / Disbursement / Balance ) in server



COMMUNITY  HEALTH  CENTERS

#  Resident doctor to examine each registered ( and eligible ) child , once a month and prescribe ( into BANMALI )
    medicines / next month's bar-quota

    Medicines to be handed out ( Free ) , on the spot ( no visit to chemist )

#  All these data to be entered into BANMALI ( and then synced with server of Health Centre )

    In turn , all these data will get transmitted to Central Servers of concerned Ministries

If there is a way to physically move the COMMUNITY HEALTHCARE CENTRES into the premises of nearby Post Office , that would save a lot of hassle to the parents / kids

You will notice that my proposal tightly integrates ALL the concerned Agencies through internet enabled hardware and a SINGLE / COMMON software database , which not only prevents any " Benefit Leakages " but broadcasts actual " Achievements " ( Weight gain / Reduced Mortality ) , instantaneously / automatically / transparently

I hope the concerned Ministers and Secretaries and Shri Amitabh Kant , will debate my proposal

It is quite likely that they may improve upon it

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30  June  2016

www.hemenparekh.in / blogs
     


Saturday, 25 June 2016

Start Ups Need Wooing ?


Economic Times ( 22 June 2016 ) , carries a report , which says :

#  In last 5 months , since launch of Start Up India initiative , only 200 applications have been received

#  Of these , only 30 got " short-listed "

#  Of these 30 , only  ONE  got approved  !


Not surprising if you consider the " ELIGIBILITY  CRITERIA " laid down for approval ( see my blog below ) !

The news report goes on to list a few " measures " that DIPP is planning to take to encourage many more Start Ups to come forward and apply

These are unlikely to make much of an impact !

It is not yet too late to consider my following blog / suggestion :

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Wednesday, 20 January 2016

 

START UP RE-DEFINED
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No doubt , you have read the " DEFINITION of a START UP " in the " Start Up Action Plan Document "


I have tried to envisage below, how that might look on that Mobile App for Registration :


*   Is yours a Private Ltd Co / LLP / Partnership  ?...........................................  Yes  /  No


*   Is your Company more than 5 years old ?....................................................Yes  /  No


*   Is your Start Up formed by splitting an existing business ?............................ Yes  /  No


*   In last 5 yrs, has your turnover exceeded Rs 25 Crores ?.............................  Yes  /  No


*   Is your product/service " DIFFERENTIATED "  ?............................................ Yes  /  No


*   Is your product / service " COMMERCIAL "  ?............................................... Yes  /  No


*  Is your product / service " INNOVATIVE "  ?................................................  Yes  /  No


*  Is your product / service driven by ,
    " TECHNOLOGY  / INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY "  ? ............................................Yes /  No


*  Is your product/service ,
   " NEW / SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED "  version "  ?.................... ...................... Yes / No

  
*  Does your product/service add " VALUE " to customers  ?................................ Yes / No


*  Does your product/service add " VALUE " to " WORKFLOW " ?.........................   Yes / No


*  Have you got certification  from Inter-Ministerial Board ?................................  Yes /  No


*  Have you got recommendation from Incubator in Post Grad Indian College ?....... Yes / No



MY  TAKE :

#  Each year 12 million persons join India's work force

#  Of these , 3.5 million are Graduates

#  Rest ( 8.5 million ) are 10th / 12th Standard pass or less

#  No more than 1,000  persons will fulfill above mentioned " ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA " for Start Up

#  There will be endless debates on the correct meaning of words in CAPITAL letters above !


WHY  SUCH  STRINGENT  " ELIGIBILITY  CRITERIA "  ?

#  At Rs 2.5 cr loan per Start Up, Govt Fund of Rs 2500 Cr can help only 1,000 Start Ups !

#  Any relaxation in " Eligibility Criteria " , may result in MILLIONs of persons queue-up !


WHAT  IS  THE  IMPLICATION  ?

#  Funds are just insufficient to help 12 million persons to become " Self Employed "


MY  SUGGESTION :

In India , we are talking of getting " Unemployed " to launch " Start Ups "

Anywhere between 100 million to 400 million " Unemployed " for whom neither Public Sector nor Private Sector , is in any position to create jobs

We want them to become " Self Employed " - what Shri Narendra Modi described in USA , as our " PERSONAL  SECTOR "

They are unlikely to launch technology driven , Web-based businesses , even if their businesses require them to have a Smart phone , on which , their customers can reach them !


They aspire to become ( list can run into 200 trades ! ) :


*  Street-side Vendors ( Vegetables / Shoes / Purses / Fruits / Trinkets )

*  Craftsmen ( Plumber / Electrician / Carpenter / Repairer  )

*  Dhobi / Barber / Pan Beedi shop-owner / Tailor / Mochi

*  Doodh-wala / Ruddi Paper-wala / Gajra-wala / Delivery Boy

*  Cook / Maid / Courier / Tuition Teacher / Beautician / Taxi Driver

*  Home-cooked Tiffin Service /  Car wash  /  Gardening ......



How can we help millions of  JOBLESS  to set up such  MICRO - BUSINESSES  ?

By Government ( Central / State / Municipal ) getting out of their way !


HOW  ?

*  No licenses / permits / approvals / conditions / criteria

*  Simple online registration on proposed Web site of DIPP for Start Ups

*  No personal Income tax for Individuals

*  No Corporate Income tax for Start Ups for 10 years ( no chance of profit in first 3 years )

*  Amnesty Scheme for enabling Rs 10 million*crores of BLACK MONEY to flow into such
   Self Employment


It is still not too late for our  Policy Makers will think " Out of Box " and implement :

www.hemenparekh.in > Blogs > A New Economic Order - Start Up Act - 2015

Anything less just won't make much of a difference !

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26  June  2016
www.hemenparekh.in / blogs


Friday, 24 June 2016

In defense of FDI in Defense



Yesterday , Government announced 100 % FDI in manufacture of defense equipment

Better late than never  !

But some politicians / economists / industrialists are upset

They thinks ,this is some kind of a " Sell Out " to the western imperialists / capitalists  !

On the other hand , the government says 100 % FDI  will create more jobs in India

Before taking sides , let us look at the current scenario in defense equipment :

#  India's Military expenditure in 2015............... $ 51.3 Billion ( 2.3% of GDP )

#  India was No 1 importer of major weapons ( world-wide ) in 2010-14 period

#  India accounts for 14 % of global arms import

#  India imports nearly 60 % of its defense equipment

#  Cost of ex-import defense products is 3 to 5 times the indigenous  equipment

#  In next 7/8 years, India will buy defense equipment worth $ 130 Billion

#  With current FDI level of 49 % , only Rs 6 crore have come in during past 2 years !


Now , when we import a defense equipment for an import value of Rs 100 / - , what is its break up ?


My guess is :

*  Material cost ( incl Bought out Components )..... .... Rs      45

*  Labour cost  ( salaries + wages )....................... ....Rs     15

*  Finance cost ( interest on fixed + working capital )....Rs     10

*  Overheads ( Sale / Mgmt / Depreciation   etc )......... Rs     20

*  Distribution / Commissions  / Freight / local taxes  ....Rs     10

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TOTAL...................................................................... Rs  100

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All of these costs are incurred by Foreign Suppliers in their OWN countries

For India , All of these costs , are foreign exchange out-go , enabling those Foreign Suppliers to keep their ,

*   OWN factories in their OWN countries , humming

*   OWN workers employed
 
*   OWN local suppliers of components / raw materials busy

*   OWN bankers earning bonuses

*   OWN labour leaders demanding higher wages

*   OWN politicians hanging on to power

*   OWN retail shops crowded with customers.... etc


But what will happen when these ( so far ) imported equipments start getting manufactured in India ?


Here is a partial list :

#   Foreign Companies will readily bring their latest technologies without worrying about " giving away " secrets !

#   Whatever they produce locally but fail to " sell " to GOI , they will be forced to export - a big boost  to export
     earnings . With cost arbitrage , they might even make India , their Global Export Hub

#   Indian Armed Forces dependence on critical imported " Spares " will go down and supply reliability will improve

#   Most of the " Costs " mentioned above , will get incurred locally - boosting Indian economy,  not foreign !

#   Government will get same products much cheaper , enabling our Defense Budget to buy more

#   Thousands of local Component manufacturers will spring up in MSME sector of our economy

#   Thousands of Indians will get jobs

#   Our negative trade balance will reduce

#   Given our current DPP ( Defense Procurement Policy ), cheaper , locally manufactured defense equipment will
     stand a better chance of competing with the imported equipment . This will motivate many more of the current

     Foreign Suppliers to set up manufacturing bases in India , in order to remain price-competitive

#   There will be positive fall out effects on DRDO / ISRO / Govt Research Laboratories

#    Last - but not the least - this will make Indian Defense equipment manufacturers " Efficient / Competitive " !



But replacement of the term , " State-of-the-art " technology with " Modern " technology , may not suffice  !


No doubt Commerce Minister , Madam Nirmala Sitharaman is aware of this since she was quoted ( Business Line / 21 June ) to say :


"  The thought process behind this was that we are spending too much time in defining things and understanding what exactly is state-of-the-art.

So, instead of keeping it verbose and making too many things binding us down, by using this one word  'Modern', we hope to bring in technology that we require "


Let detractors cry hoarse


There is no need to defend 100 % FDI in Defense !

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22  June   2016


www.hemenparekh.in / blogs